At present there are 54 different
ethnic groups inhabiting Vietnam, in which Kinh (Viet)
people make up nearly 90% of the whole population, and
53 other ethnic groups represent over 10%.
The Vietnamese nation was formed through a process of
two major ancient cultures, the Chinese and the Indian.
Thus a peculiar trait of Vietnam's culture was formed.
As far as anthropology is concerned the Vietnamese
people have their origin in the Mongolid race, believed
to be one of the major or races of the world and often
found in northern and eastern Asia.
54 different ethnic groups inhabiting Vietnam can be
divided into eight different groups by their distinctive
- The Viet - Muong Group includes 4 ethnic groups:
- The Tay - Thai Group includes 8 ethnic groups:
- The Mon - Khmer Group includes 21 ethnic groups:
- The Mong - Dao Group includes 3 groups:
- The Kadai Group includes 4 ethnic groups:
- The Nam Dao Group includes 5 ethnic groups:
- The Han Group includes 3 ethnic groups:
- The Tang Group includes 6 ethnic groups:
In the core of the history of national development, all
these groups of people have been closely attached to one
another in sharing the same tasks of fighting against
foreign invaders, defending the country's territory,
gaining the right to live and the right to national
independence and self-determination. Each group of
ethnic people have developed their own language and
identity, thus making the Vietnamese culture, long known
for its variety, a well blended combination of different
Source: Vietnam Nation Administration of Tourism